The authority for the practice of nursing is based on a social contract that acknowledges professional rights and responsibilities as well as mechanisms for public accountability. Values and Assumptions: Humans manifest an essential unity of mind/body/spirit. Human experience is contextually and culturally defined. Health and illness are human experiences. The presence of illness does not preclude health nor does optimal health preclude illness.
Definitions of Nursing:
Attention to the full range of human experiences and responses to health and illness without restriction to a problem-focused orientation. Integration of objective data with knowledge gained from an understanding of the patient or group's subjective experience. Application of scientific knowledge to the processes of diagnosis and treatment. Provision of a caring relationship that facilitates health and healing.
Knowledge base for Nursing Practice:
Phenomena of Concern: human experiences and responses to birth, health, illness, and death. Nurses focus on these phenomena within the context of individuals, families, groups, and communities. Diagnosis: facilitate communication among health care providers and the recipients of care and provide for initial direction in choice of treatments and subsequent evaluation of the outcomes of care. Interventions: direct or indirect, involve both physical and emotional intimacy. Giving physical care, emotional support, health teaching or counseling. Assisting recovery or a peaceful death Outcomes: evaluate the effectiveness of their interventions in relation to identified outcomes. Revise diagnosis, outcomes and plans of care.
Nursing's Social Policy Statement includes a
description of nursing in the United States the
values and social responsibility of the profession,
nursing's definition and scope of practice,
nursing's knowledge base, and the methods by
which nursing is regulated. The statement is both
an accounting of nursing's professional stewardship
and an expression of nursing's continuing
commitment to the society it serves.